Founded by the Spanish in the early 16th century, Guanajuato became the world's leading silver-extraction centre in the 18th century. This past can be seen in its 'subterranean streets' and the 'Boca del Inferno', a mine-shaft that plunges a breathtaking 600 m. The town's fine Baroque and neoclassical buildings, resulting from the prosperity of the mines, have influenced buildings throughout central Mexico. The churches of La Compañía and La Valenciana are considered to be among the most beautiful examples of Baroque architecture in Central and South America. Guanajuato was also witness to events which changed the history of the country.
Guanajuato does not have an international airport. Flights arrive at Bajío International Airport (BJX) in León daily. The airport is 25 miles (40 kms.) northwest of the city. The airport is modern and has several shops, restaurants, bars, and rental car agencies. From the airport, taxis are available to Guanajuato (20-30 minute drive). Most major rental car companies have airport counters.
Guanajuato can be reached by driving from Mexico City (5 hours) on Hwy. 57 to Queretaro, then Hwy. 45 to Guanajuato.